Strong political will and easy to scale technology have set Odisha on a path to 100% faecal sludge management
Implemented by Practical Action and Centre for Policy Research in the towns of Angul and Dhenkanal. This Project demonstrated sustainable sanitation service delivery for small towns leading to an increased coverage of households and institutions by enabling institutional and financial arrangements and increased private sector participation.
It is a set of operative guidelines for ULBs to implement FSSM interventions across the value chains
Both envisioned the states cities and towns to be clean, sanitized and healthy, with septage management recognized as a key intervention
A first detailed assessment of capacities across all levels of the government was conducted under project Nirmal. This encompassed preparing training manuals, materials and guidelines on sanitation.
This was followed by, capacity building workshops, orientations of the ULB officials, district administration, community-based organizations (CBOs) and cesspool emptier vehicle operators across towns and cities
"The 2018 FSSM Regulations lay emphasis on construction of septic tanks/pits, cleaning of septic tanks/pits, septage transport vehicles or cesspool emptier vehicles, designated disposal sites, septage treatment plants, general administration and violations as well as penalties.
The FSSM Regulations 2018 are now being passed by all 114 ULBs of the state through a council and corporation resolutions
Through robust regulatory frameworks for its urban local bodies, the state ensured provisions for periodic desludging, safe transportation and proper treatment of faecal wastes"
DEWATS chosen as a preferred technology for its minimum electricity requirement and ease of operations. Investments made to procure large and small cesspool emptier vehicles which can access even the narrow lanes in villages and ensure safe emptying and transportation of the contained faecal waste
Septage treatment plant in Bhubaneshwar, highlighting a cost-effective, low technology model that can be adopted by cities across India and the world
Operationalization of 6 Septage Treatment Plants and FSSM Scale up to 114 Urban Local Bodies
The Sanitation cell set up at state level provided technical guidance in implementation of FSSM across cities. Further, monitoring and evaluation mechanisms were established, through multiple committees at each level, be it at state, district, ULB or ward level, for a sustainable impact.
Operationalization and ISO certification of 10 Septage Treatment Plants
Women SHGs are involved in demand generation for mechanized desludging – They are paid an incentive by the operator for every trip generated
With the objective of further integrating communities in entrepreneurial ventures, The Housing & Urban Development Minister signed contracts with women and transgender SHGs and handed over operations & maintenance of SeTPs in 8 cities
Operationalization of 11 Septage Treatment Plants
Focus areas supporting Odisha's FSSM achievements
The National Faecal Sludge and Septage Management (NFSSM) Alliance was convened in January 2016. The Alliance was convened to build consensus around faecal sludge and septage management. The Alliance with support from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation works in close collaboration with the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs and helped design a national policy on FSSM.