Reaching the unreserved – access to individual household toilets in vulnerable urban areas

Research suggests that shared toilets are sources of unsafe sanitation. Especially in the context of COVID-19, the need for individual toilets have been highlighted. Large proportions of urban vulnerable communities rely on community toilets, making them more susceptible to contracting COVID-19. Focus of the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) on Individual Household Toilets requires further attention. This document is a compendium of cases which show how these perceived barriers to constructing individual household toilets were successfully addressed. These cases also highlight the important role played by women who took the decision to have a toilet and lead its construction.

They worked with local governments to ensure that all the necessary support is received. These cases reflect how living conditions of urban vulnerable communities can be transformed with women leadership. These experiences can be used in most vulnerable areas across cities in India.

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